Archive for the ‘Weight control’ Category

Respiratory function, obesity

July 6, 2009

Gaining one pound a year as a person ages may significantly reduce respiratory function. A weight gain of nine pounds may reduce respiratory capacity one-half of that which would be produced by cigarette smoking.
Smoking, aging, overweight, and dust exposure are all known to cause a reduction in lung function, but until this study, the significance of weight gain was not apparent. (American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 153:1907-13, 1996) Copyright 1996 Phylis Austin

Fear leads to overeating

July 10, 2008

Avoid frightening movies and television programs if you are trying to lose weight. A study from the University of Health Sciences-Chicago Medical School revealed that fright caused people to overeat. The study revealed that frightening movies caused people to eat more popcorn, while travelogues did not stimulate eating. (Journal of Abnormal Psychology 99(3)317-320, August 1990) Copyright 1990 Phylis Austin

Breakfast and obesity

July 6, 2008

Eating breakfast may help prevent obesity in adolescents and young adults. Subjects in the study group had better overall diet quality and were more active than breakfast skippers.
(Pediatrics 121(3)e638-e644, March 2008
Copyright 2008 Phylis A Austin

Overweight mothers and birth defects

July 4, 2008

Overweight mothers are at increased risk of having infants with neural tube defects or other malformations. (American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 170:541-548, February 1994) Copyright 1994 Phylis Austin

Early maturity and adult obesity

July 4, 2008

Among the many other problems caused by early maturity, children with early physical maturity are at increased risk of being overweight in adulthood. (American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 64:18-24, 1996) Copyright 1996 Phylis Austin

Television, obesity in children

July 4, 2008

Television viewing children are more likely to be overweight than are children who are physically active. Those who watch five or more hours a day are at an 4.6 percent increased risk of being overweight. (Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 150:356-362, April 1996) Copyright 1996 Phylis Austin

Obesity and postmenopausal breast cancer

July 4, 2008

Obesity increases the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Upper body weight accumulation tends to be particularly hazardous. (International Journal of Epidemiology 28:1026-1031, 1999)

Copyright 1999 Phylis A Austin

Dieting and weight gain during pregnancy

July 4, 2008

Weight gain during pregnancy has a long-term effect on the health of both mother and infant. Proper nutrition during pregnancy will go far in insuring the future health of infants.

Women who have a history of dieting prior to pregnancy may feel that pregnancy gives them an excuse to indulge their appetite, while others significantly restrain their dietary intake.

Suggested pregnancy-associated weight gains are based on prepregnancy weight. Insufficient weight gain may interfere with proper growth of the fetus; excessive weight gain increases the risk of a number of pregnancy related complications. Women who gain the most during pregnancy are more likely to retain the weight nine months after delivery.

Health care providers encourage pregnant women who are smokers to give it up for the well-being of the infant. This may also encourage unwanted weight gain. (European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 53(11)849-53, 1999). Editorial comment –This study points out the importance of high quality diet during pregnancy. While mothers may gain a bit of weight when they stop smoking, the small weight gain is better than smoking’s effect on both mother and baby.

Copyright 1999 Phylis A Austin

Raw garlic and the immune system

July 4, 2007

Dr. Osama Kandil of the Akbar Clinic and Research Institute at Panama City, Florida, reported at the annual meeting of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, that eating raw garlic increased the body’s natural killer cell activity, enabling the body to more effectively fight off disease. Kyolic capsules, which provide an odor-free way of taking garlic, increased natural killer cell activity by 156 percent, while the raw garlic enhanced killer activity 140 percent.

The volunteers in the group were given 0.5 g/kg of body weight of raw garlic on a daily basis for three weeks and the volunteers who took Kyolic took a daily dose of 1,800 mg. (Internal Medicine News 20(12)49, June 15-30, 1987)

Copyright 1987 Phylis Austin

Shift work and weight gain

July 4, 2007

Late shift workers are more likely to gain weight than are early shift workers according to a report from Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York.

The researchers studied 85 subjects, 36 on the day shift and 49 on the late shift. The late shift workers ate more and exercised less than early shift workers. Late shift workers also ate their last meal of the day later, and took more and longer daytime naps.

(Nutrition 16:27-29, 2000)

Copyright 2000 Phylis A Austin